Turkish Ministry of Education has decided to strip Darwin’s evolution theory of high school textbooks, deeming it scientifically controversial and dubious. The president of Turkey’s Education and Morality Council, Alparslan Durmus, who is responsible for determining the national school curriculum, announced the elimination from biology textbooks of the entire chapter on evolution, entitled ‘Beginning of Life and Evolution.’ Durmus declared, during a meeting with teachers in Ankara, on June 20, that the Education Ministry had presented the proposal to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who immediately approved it. Durmus, who studied Islamic theology at the Marmara University in Istanbul, accentuated that new changes entail a profound philosophical transformation that promotes a new approach to education. He specified, ‘For example, we tried to switch from the Eurocentric perspective for the subject of History. In order to underline that scientific knowledge has advanced through the contribution of everyone, we emphasised the contributions of Islamic and Turkish scientists.’
As one of the strategies that the United States employed for subverting the socialist model of Cuba, the idea of ‘political centrism’ has been developed and propagated, especially through digital media, for remedying the resounding failures and disparagement of the so-called ‘Cuban counter-revolution’. One of the encrypted messages, revealed by Wikileaks in 2010, showed how Jonathan Farrar, then chief of the US Interests Section in Havana, informed the State Department, on 15 April 2009, that the ‘opposition’ was split from Cuban reality and had no influence over the youth, which was more interested in money than diffusing its ideas to wider public. In its origin, political centrism is a concept of geometric connotation: it is the point equidistant from all extremes. Supposedly, it is a political position that would be placed between the Left and the Right, between socialism and capitalism, a third way that reconciles two extreme ends, which is, by nature, against each type of radicalism. Lenin called this position ‘treacherous utopianism,’ ‘a product of bourgeois reformism’. These so-called third-ways, or centres, have never been a revolutionary option; they instead served as strategies to install, save, recompose, modernise, or restore capitalism.